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List of cities in Kazakhstan Part 1

aneeshaneesh 1 year - Expatriate
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Aktau (Kazakh: Ақтау, Qazaq Latin Script: Aqtaw, Turkish: Akdağ) was known as Shevchenko (Russian: Шевченко) from 1964 to 1991. Its current name means "white mountain" in Kazakh, which may be due to its cliffs that overlook the Caspian. Its former name was given due to the eponymous Ukrainian poet's period of exile in the area.[2] It is the second largest city in western Kazakhstan and the country's main seaport on the Caspian Sea. It is located on the Mangyshlak Peninsula and is the capital of Mangystau Region. Population: 166,962 (2009 Census results);143,396 (1999 Census results).

Aktau is known for its unique block address system. Almost all streets inside the city have no names, and addresses in Aktau generally consist of three numbers: the district number (also known as micro-region/micro-district/block), the building number, and the apartment number. This is because Aktau was originally planned as a camp for the workers of the oil industry

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Aktobe (Kazakh: Ақтөбе/Aqtöbe) is a city on the Ilek River in Kazakhstan. It is the administrative center of Aktobe Region. In 2013, it had a population of 371,546 people

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Almaty (Kazakh: Алматы/Almatı; Russian: Алматы, pronounced [ɑl.mɑ.ˈtə]), formerly known as Alma-Ata (Russian: Алма-Ата) and Vernɨy (Pre-Reform Russian: Вѣрный), is the largest city in Kazakhstan.Despite losing its status as the capital to Astana in 1997, Almaty remains the major commercial and cultural centre of Kazakhstan, as well as its biggest population center. The city is located in the mountainous area of southern Kazakhstan.

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Arkalyk (Kazakh: Арқалық / Arqalıq, Russian: Аркалык) is a city in Kostanay Region, northern Kazakhstan. Earlier, it was the centre of Torgay Region, which was abolished in 1997. Today, it is the administrative centre of Torgay District, Kostanay Region. Established in 1956, it acquired the status of the city in 1965. The distance from the town of Arkalyk to Kostanay is 480 km (298 mi), to Astana is 670 km (416 mi). Population: 28,169 (2009 Census results)

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Astana (/əsˈtɑːnə/,[8] US /æsˈtɑːnə/;[9] Kazakh: Астана [astaˈna] ( listen)) is the capital of Kazakhstan. It is located on the Ishim River in the north portion of Kazakhstan, within Akmola Region, though administrated separately from the region as the city with special status. The 2014 census reported a population of 835,153 within the city, making it the second-largest city in Kazakhstan

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Balkhash (Kazakh: Балқаш, Balqaş; Russian: Балхаш, Balkhash) is a city in Kazakhstan, located on the northern shore of the Lake Balkhash, on the Bay Bertys, and in south of Kazakh Uplands. Population of the city: 68,833 (2009 Census results);[1] 65,431 (1999 Census results).Balkhash was founded in 1937 as an industrial city centred on the mining and smelting of copper, and presently copper is still exploited there. The city lies approximately 500 km west of the Chinese border on the north side of the lake at an altitude of 440 m.The history of the city is closely connected with mining of deposits of copper and development of a smelting plant.

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Jezkazgan or Zhezkazgan (Kazakh: Жезқазған / Jezqazğan/ جەزقازعان), formerly known as Dzhezkazgan (Russian: Джезказган, until 1992), is a city in Karaganda Region, Kazakhstan, on a reservoir of the Kara-Kengir River. Population: 86,227 (2009 Census results);[1] 90,001 (1999 Census results). Its urban area includes the neighbouring mining town of Satpayev, for a total city population of 148,700.55% of Jezkagan population are Kazakhs, 30% Russians, with smaller minorities of Ukrainians, Germans, Chechens and Koreans.

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Karaganda or Qaraghandy (Kazakh: Қарағанды/Qarağandı [qɑɾɑˈʁɑndə] ( listen)), more commonly known by its Russian name Karaganda (Russian: Караганда, until 1993), is the capital of Karaganda Region in Kazakhstan. It is the fourth most populous city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty (Alma-Ata), Astana and Shymkent. Population: 459,778 (2009 Census results); 436,864 (1999 Census results).In the 1940s up to 70% of the city's inhabitants were ethnic Germans. Most of the ethnic Germans are descendants of Soviet Volga Germans who were collectively deported to Siberia and Kazakhstan on Stalin's order when Hitler invaded Soviet-annexed eastern Poland and the Soviet Union proper in 1941. Until the 1950s, many were interned in labor camps, often merely because they were Germans. The population of Karaganda fell by 14% from 1989-1999; it was once Kazakhstan's second largest city after Almaty. One hundred thousand people have since emigrated to Germany. There is also a smaller concentration of ethnic Poles.

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Kentau (Kazakh: Кентау / Kentaw, Russian: Кентау), is a town in South Kazakhstan Region of Kazakhstan. It is located at the foot of the Karatau mountains 30 km northeast of the city of Turkestan. Kentau was formed in August 1955. In Soviet times, the population of the city was mainly from Russia, the descendants of the repressed: Greeks, Russians, Germans, Koreans, Jews, Chechens, etc., as well as Uzbeks, and majority of population comprising an ethnic Kazakhs. Major mining ore operations are supported by excavator and transformer plants. The late 1980s or early 1990s saw massive emigration of population and the closures of mines and industrial enterprises. Today, the population is approximately 80 thousand, mostly Kazakhs. Population: 57,121 (2009 Census results);

Kyzylorda (Kazakh: Қызылорда, Qızılorda), formerly known as Kzyl-Orda (Russian: Кзыл-Орда), Ak-Mechet (Russian: Ак-Мечеть), Perovsk (Russian: Перовск), and Fort-Perovsky (Russian: Форт-Перовский), is a city in Kazakhstan, capital of Kyzylorda Region. The city has a population of 157,400 (1999 Census). The Syr Darya River passes through the city. Population: 188,682 (2009 Census results);[1] 157,364 (1999 Census results)

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Kokshetau (Kazakh: Көкшетау / Kökşetaw), formerly known as Kokchetav (Russian: Кокчетав, until 1993) is the administrative center of Akmola Region, northern Kazakhstan. Population: 135,106 (2009 Census results);[2]123,389 (1999 Census results)

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Kostanay (Kazakh: Қостанай / Qostanay), formerly known as Nikolayevsk (Russian: Николаевск, until 1895), and later Kustanay (Russian: Кустанай, until 1997), is a city located on the Tobol River in northern Kazakhstan. Kostanay is the administrative center of Kostanay Region. Population: 214,916 (2009 Census results);[2]222,816 (1999 Census results).

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Janaozen or Zhanaozen (Kazakh: Жаңаөзен / Jañaözen), formerly known as Novy Uzen (Russian: Новый Узень, until 1993), is a town in the Mangystau Region of Kazakhstan located south-east of the city of Aktau. The name of the town means "new river" in Kazakh. Zhanaozen is a town of region significance.It is completely surrounded by the territory of Karakiya District, but administratively does not belong to the district.Population: 48,871 (2009 Census results);[1] 91,332 (1999 Census results).

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Pavlodar (Kazakh and Russian: Павлодар, Pavlodar) is a city in northeastern Kazakhstan and the capital of Pavlodar Region. It is located 450 km northeast of the national capital Astana, and 405 km southeast of the Russian city of Omsk along the Irtysh River. As of 2010, the city has a population of 331,710.The population of Pavlodar is composed predominantly of ethnic Russians and Kazakhs with significant Ukrainian, German and Tatar minorities. The city is served by Pavlodar Airport.
Alikhan2

Comments

  • Alikhan2Alikhan2 1 month - Outlander
    probably you know more cities in Kazakhstan ,than i , cause you know small cities too)
  • AcielAciel 6 months - Foreigner
    It's a pity that you didn't include other cities like Semey ;) But in this list a lot of cities that i haven't visited yet) Thank you for this post, i hope in the future i will have an opportunity to arrange a trip in Kazakhstan :)>-
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