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Basic Kazakh words to know - Part 1

aneeshaneesh 1 year - Expatriate
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INTRODUCTION:

Good morning! --- Qayirly Tan [Ka-ihr-ly Tan]!
Good Afternoon (formal) --- Salamatsyz ba [Sala-maht-syz bah]
Good evening (formal) --- Qayirly Kesh [Ka-ihr-ly Kesh]!
Good night (informal)! --- Qayirli tyn!

How are you? --- Qalynyz Kalai [Ka-ly-nyz Ka-lai]?
What's new? --- Qandai zhanalyk bar? [Qan-dai zhah-nah-lyk bahr]
My name is... --- Menym atym... [Meh-nym ah-tym]

It is nice to meet you. --- Sizben tanyskanyma ote kuyanyshtymyn. [Syz-behn tah-nys-kah-nyh-ma au-teh kuh-ah-nysh-tyh-myn]

How old are you? --- Sizdin zhasynyz kanshada? [Syz-DIN ZHA-sy-nyz kan-SHA-da]
What do you do for a living?---Kim bolyp zhumys isteisiz?
Are you married or single? ---Siz yilengen siz be alde boidak syz ba?
Where are you from? --- Siz qai elden keldiniz?

I am an American. --- Men Amerikandykpyn.
I am a Canadian. --- Men Kanadalykpyn.
I am from the United States of America. --- Men Amerika Qorama Shtattarynanmyn.

I love you! --- Men seni suiemin!
Thank you! --- Rakhmet! [Rah-k-met]
Excuse me --- Keshiriniz
I don't understand --- Tusinbedim

The weather is nice today --- Bugun aua-rayi sondai zhaksy.
[Buh-ghun ah-uh-wa-rye-yh son-dai zhahk-sy]

It is a beautiful day. --- Bugun aurayie tamasha.



GETTING TO KNOW EACH OTHER BETTER:

Do you speak English? --- Syz aglshynsha soileisesiz be?
Kazakh Language --- Kazakh Tili
What would you like to do now? --- Siz kazir ne steginiz kelip tur? [Siz ka-ZYR nye stay-ghi-NIZ Ke-LEAP tour]
Welcome --- Kosh Keldinizder
Please come in and take a seat. --- Zhogary shygynyz.
Do you have a family? --- Sizdin zhanuyaniz barma?
Do you have children? --- Balalarynyz barma?
What is your wife’s name? --- Zhubaiynyzdin aty-zhene kim?
What are your children’s names? --- Balalarynyzdin attary kim?
This is the first time I tried Kazakh traditional food. --- Men birinshiret Qazak ulttyk tagamin demin tattym. [Men bih-rin-shi-ret Qa-zak ult-tyk de-min taht-tym].

To health! --- Densaulyk ushin!
To long life! --- Ozak omir ushin!
It was good --- Magan unady. [Mah-ghan ooh-na-dyh].
We feel like family. --- Biz bir zhanyuiadaimiz. [Bihz bihr zhah-nyu-ih-DI-miz]
We are together with you. --- Biz sizgermen birgemiz.
Village --- Auyl [Ah-uh-yl]
Woman --- Aiel [I-yehl]
Strong woman --- Mykty aiyel
Man --- Er adam [Yehr adam]

Family --- Zhanyya:
Father, dad --- Ake, ata
Mother, mom --- Ana, schesche
Son --- Bala (also means boy)
Daughter --- Kyz (also means girl),
Brother --- Aga
Sister --- Apke
Cousin --- Zhiyen
Grandmother --- Azhe [ah-ZHAY]
Grandfather --- Ata
Aunt --- Tate [tah-TYEH]
Uncle --- Koke

My --- menin
Your --- syzdyn
His --- onyn
Her --- onyn
Its --- sonyn
Their --- olardyn
Life --- Omir

Kazakhs were traditionally nomadic people and valued their animals.
Nomad ---Koshpeli
Horse --- At
Sheep --- Koi
Camel --- Tooyeh
Dog --- Yet

Geography:
Mountain --- tau; Steppe --- dala; Desert --- shul; Forest --- orman;
Lake --- kol; River --- uzen; Sea --- teniz [tien-ghyz]

Eagle --- Byrkit
Steppe Eagle --- Dalalyk Burkit
Falcon --- Sunkar [Soon-CAR]

GETTING AROUND:

Are you going to take a vacation this summer? --- Siz osy zhazda demalys alasyz ba?
Where will you go? --- Qai zhakka barasiz?
I am looking for an apartment to rent. --- Men arendagha pater izdedym.
How many bedrooms does it have? --- Paterde nesche bolme bar?
Is it a good neighborhood? ---Aimaghy zhaksyma?
Where is the grocery store? --- Azyk-tylik dukeni kai zherde?
Where do I park my car? --- Qaida mashineni kaldyruga bolady?
Is there a garage? --- Bul zherde garazh barma?
Is there a good school for my children? --- Menim balalaryma ungailya mektep barma?
What time is it? --- Sagat kansha boldy? or: Sagat nishe?
What day is it? --- Bugun aptanyn kai kuni?

Monday --- Duisenbi; Tuesday --- Seisenbi; Wednesday --- Sarsenbi; Thursday --- Beisenbi; Friday --- Zhuma; Saturday --- Senbi; Sunday --- Zeksenbi

When do we leave? --- Biz kashan zhol zhuremyz?
When should we be ready? --- Biz kashan daiyn boluymyz kerek?
When do we come back? ---Biz kashan kaitamyz?
How do we travel? --- Nemen baramyz?
By bus, by airplane, or by train? --- Avtobus pen be, ushak pen be, alde otarbamen baramyz ba?
On vacation --- Demalys.

Weather:
Will it rain? --- Zhanbyr zhalady ma?
Will it snow? --- Qar zhalady ma?
Do I need an umbrella? --- Magan qol shatyr kerek bolady ma?
Should I dress warmly? --- Zhyly kiinein ba?

Climate --- Aua raiy
Summer --- zhaz, fall --- kuz, winter --- kys, spring --- koktem
What is the climate in Kazakhstan? --- Kazakstannyn aua raiy qandai?
What is the best time for a trip to Astana? --- Astanaga zhyldyn kai nezgelende bargan zhakzy?
The climate in Kazakhstan varies greatly from place to place. --- Kazakstannyn aua raiy er turly.

What is this? --- Mynau ne? [Myh-nau neh?]

Where is...? - ... qaida? (The sentence structure puts interrogatives at the end)
... a hotel? --- Konak yui qaida? [Koh-nak oui qai-dah?]
... a restaurant? --- Meiramkhana qaida? [May-ram-khana qai-dah?]
… a library --- Kitapkhana
… a hospital ---Aurukhana
… a pharmacy --- Darikhana
... a movie theater --- Kinoteatr
... a museum --- Murazhai
... a grocery store --- Azyk tylik dukeni
... a post office --- Pochta bolymshesi
… a restroom --- Daretkhana
... the nearest bus stop --- Zhakyn zherdegi avtobus ayaldamasy
... the taxi stand --- Taksi toragy
... the train station --- Temir zhol vokzaly
... the airport --- Auezhai
... a barber shop --- Shashtaraz
... a dry cleaners --- Kiim tazalau
... a public swimming pool --- Kogamdyk bassein
... a parking lot --- Avto turak

Aziz

Comments

  • AcielAciel 1 year - Expatriate
    Kazakh language is a very beautiful language! To be honest sometimes even native kazakh people don't know it! I really want to improve my knowledges in kazakh! Very useful article!
  • ZhansayaZhansaya 1 year - Expatriate
    Informative. But there is some mistakes:
    Aunt --- Tate [tah-TYEH] - also apai
    Uncle --- Koke - also aga
    Sister --- Apke - apai
    Will it rain? --- Zhanbyr zhalady ma? Will it snow? --- Qar zhalady ma? - not zhalady - zhauady
    .. the taxi stand --- Taksi toragy - not toragy - turagy
  • AzizAziz 1 year - Expatriate
    @Aciel, Read "Abay zholy" by Mukhtar Auezov. The book possesses variety words that we use rarely. Also "Koshpendiler" by Iliyas Esenberlin
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