If you are thinking about working in Kazakhstan, you will need to find an employer who clearly states that he has no problems to arrange a work permit. Kazakhstan doesn’t make this an easy process, and the company will usually use legal consultants to deal with the bureaucracy involved. This makes a Kazakh work permit very expensive.
In turn this means that only highly qualified, well-paid professionals are working in Kazakhstan with a work permit as managers, engineers or teachers. If you were planning to work as a barista or part-time English teacher, you can only do so without the proper paperwork. Although many people do this, you do risk to be deported and banned from Kazakhstan for 5 years if you are found out.
The government also puts a yearly quota on the number of foreigners that are allowed a work permit in Kazakhstan: 50 000 in 2012.